San Raffaele is a highly specialised Scientific Hospitalisation and Treatment Institute and is an internationally recognised university polyclinic. It was founded in 1971 to provide specialised care and contribute to the development of new therapies for many pathologies. The medical-scientific excellence of San Raffaele Hospital stems from the triple identity of the institute, a place where research, clinic and university training interact on a daily basis. Ospedale San Raffaele is responsible for demonstrators 5 and 9.
This demonstrator aims to include UAM traffic in critical infrastructure for security and maintenance, providing video shots in support of surveillance and technical services located at the hospital. Starting from the vertiport, drones autonomously monitor the secure area, which are operated only by mandated security (or by maintenance) officers to monitor critical areas. This operation is in compliance with the GDPR and guards the privacy of area users. The principle of ‘break the glass’ is applicable, which means the algorithm only interacts during breaches of security, safety regulations and/or procedures.
A major hospital is itself a critical infrastructure. Its business continuity not only depends on specific infrastructure and related technological systems that directly support healthcare processes, it also relies heavily on availability and reliability of other underpinning critical infrastructures such as: energy; information technology facilities onsite and in cloud, wired and wireless communication infrastructures (from LAN to Wi-Fi and 5G antennas and base stations); logistic and inbound mobility; etc. In such a reality, surveillance and technical services are not trivial, especially since the hospital covers a very large area (312,000 square meters) which includes: multi-storey buildings (7-8 floors dedicated to hospital wards, research laboratories and university classrooms); parking lots; a cogeneration plant (electricity, hot and cold water); and large open spaces where thousands of people transit every day (for professional reasons, access to health services and visits to patients - 25,000 daily and approximately 6,000,000 annually). Moving from different places requires time from security staff. Additionally, facilities are not easily reached, such as a building roof where usually air conditioning equipment is installed. The most common technical infrastructure present at San Raffaele Hospital are the following:
By respecting the GDPR, drones equipped with cameras and/or sensors can monitor a larger area (internal and external), reach critical sites quicker, perform dynamic and adaptive inspections safely and provide information. As a result, it will make the consequent human intervention or remote reconfiguration of the most effective system, improving the timely detection of physical intrusions, thus acting as a deterrent of malicious attacks.
The aim of this demonstrator is to develop new UAM traffic with an emergency system that provides a safe and secure utilisation of airspace, providing delivery of medication or biological samples. Starting from the vertiport, drones reach the hospital buildings just a few hundred metres away. Through the windows of the buildings, they can interact with hospital wards where patients are hospitalised and where the drug logistics arrive to the patient’s bed. Using an app and a web interface, medical staff can interact with the control unit at the vertiport, indicating when a drone transport is needed. At this point, drones will be flown to connect the specific ward with laboratories where in vitro analyses are made and/or to deliver medication or biological samples to the users of San Raffaele Hospital. Based on the results and needs we can upscale the payload of drones.
The presence of many hospital departments in such a large area requires significant improvement of logistics performances within the hospital ecosystem, especially for the delivery of high value healthcare process assets.