Tartu Science Park

Tartu Science Park is the innovation engine of South Estonia. Their mission is to nurture start-up companies into global businesses. Tartu Science Park is the first science park in the Baltics, founded in 1992 by Tartu city, county and two universities. For more than 25 years they have supported business innovation activities in the region by networking with universities, the public and private sector. Tartu Science Park is the the home of business and is responsible for demonstrators 4 and 10.

Demonstrator 4

Autonomous Monitoring and Predictive Interventions of Critical Infrastructures in Tartu Science Park and the City of Tartu

Description

To demonstrate the service drone deployment in an urban area and integration into the Smart City infrastructure. Important considerations to take into account are the inclusion of future-proof technology solutions and best practices in which U-Space supporting infrastructure and services are developed that may be deployed in the larger cities. Development of the Urban Air Mobility infrastructure will start in the Living Labs. Multi-purpose heliports are to be deployed to serve for parking and charging of service drones. Those may be implemented in the form of smart lamp posts with ‘bird-nests’ in place to charge the drones and enable long-distance delivery. The heliports may be equipped with a variety of modules so that service drones can interchange to achieve the best match for the requested mission. Heliports may be equipped with cargo bays or lockers which are able to fit in a cargo container. Surveying the community to investigate the social perception concerning subjects like noise and added quality to their lives. The final main objective of this demonstrator is to prepare Living Labs for the reduction of the carbon footprint and atmospheric pollution concerning road traffic transport, which translates to:

  • Preparing the integration of UAM services into cities' multi-modal urban transport system to improve policies aimed at boosting the use of zero-emission vehicles.
  • Avoiding unnecessary waste of time (and energy) in public transport, official and emergency services, the distribution of goods (loading and unloading) and delivery of parcels.
  • Streamlining the placement of charging stations for drones and electric vehicles (both surface and underground, public and private) and providing real-time information to the user of regarding availability. This will optimise recharging times and save energy by reducing search times for available charging points. It will also facilitate and promote the use of zero-emission vehicles in the historic district, improving air quality.
  • Data collection and integration with urban air mobility services to improve planning and management of urban mobility (flows, peak times, bottlenecks, zones of difficult accessibility, improved last mile supply and delivery, etc.). The collected data will be published as open data and will be accessible to scientists, legislators, planners and managers when possible.

Background

The Living Labs has been selected ensuring they have a majority of the attributes typical to big cities. Under the UAM initiative in the Living Labs, local stakeholders gather the best practices to experiment and contribute to the development of the local UAM infrastructure that may be referenced, replicated and scaled to other cities and communities. Nordic challenges: Due to the geographical position of the City of Oulu and Tartu, local U-Space operations are exposed to severe Nordic environment conditions. The Nordic U-Space technological and operational challenges – what are those and how to tackle them to achieve safe, secure and all-weather resilient UAS technologies.

Results

  • Achieve the pilot deployment of a service drone and creating a set of requirements for the service drones supporting infrastructure. The supporting infrastructure includes: reflection in business models; integration into the supply chain and service provisioning schemes; availability of interfaces which includes end-users; a broad range of communication means covering all operational areas; drone identification and tracking methods; UTM; power supply infrastructure enhanced with energy harvesting technologies; and compliance with EU and national regulations, policies and MyData movement
  • A blueprint of the Urban Air Mobility infrastructure for cities to ensure deployment in the other Living Labs and create a European standard
  • New urban transport policies to improve mobility including urban air services
  • Data collection to improve planning and management of the recharging stations and flying zones

Demonstrator 10

Last-Mile Delivery of Medications and Food for the Elderly in Social Care Programmes

Description

This demonstrator aims to develop new UAM traffic with an emergency system that provides a safe and secure utilisation of airspace in order to provide a drone service platform. Last-mile delivery of medications and food for the elderly is part of the city Governments’ social care programmes and tasks. Services will be tested in special situation/circumstances. A positive outcome will ensure the resiliency of the city of Tartu. Three drones (one per service) will deliver the following services to the city's users:

  • Delivery of medications and food for the elderly as part of the city governments’ social care programmes and tasks
  • Commercial services by private companies
  • Delivery of small-scale packages during special situations (from difficult weather conditions which hinder road traffic to disease outbreaks)

Background

Tartu City Government is responsible for the social care of the elderly population. In today’s system social care workers have to physically visit each location and make the deliveries if recipients have limited mobility from poor health condition. Similar needs arise in special situations such as extreme weather conditions (e.g. flooding, heavy snowfall in Tartu region) and disease outbreaks (e.g. COVID-19), where manned road traffic is slowed down considerably or entirely blocked. Under such circumstances both monitoring and delivery services via UAS could be of purpose. There are practically no Urban Air Mobility services provided by the private sector today. Establishing use cases which demonstrate the effectiveness of the aforementioned services could open up a new market segment.

Results

  • Development of UTM regulation in the Tartu area
  • Establish delivery corridors with special rights, allowing BVLOS
  • Precision logistic medicine and last mile delivery service is operational and in production in the EAVA territory, Tartu Science Park as Living Lab territory and tested in the City of Tartu. It would be most beneficial if they are close to operational environments such as hospitals, supermarkets or other logical points of origin. The services are based on and comply with the geo-infra, governance and regulatory frameworks

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