The University of Oulu is an international science university which creates innovation for the future, well-being, and knowledge through research and education. Founded in 1958, our community is 13 000 students and 2900 employees strong, and one of the biggest and the most multidisciplinary universities in Finland. The university consists of eight faculties and many specialized research units. They are responsible for demonstrators 2 and 8.
To demonstrate how existing 5G infrastructure may be improved to support UAS operations in the urban environment. How should the 5G/6G communication infrastructure support urban UAS operations? Should the possible UAS operations already be considered in the radio network planning? Currently, mobile networks are planned for terminals on the ground. Following this principle, the coverage for UAs would be on shaky and unreliable basis i.e. assuming some sporadic antenna beams to ‘leak’ on the sky for UAs. Should specific antennas direct upwards be deployed instead? Considering drone services like the delivery of goods, could there be defined routes based on mobile network base stations?
Oulu has traditionally been among the pioneers developing cutting edge communications technologies. Vehicle-to-everything communications’ challenges – how to ensure high-quality reliable communications for different transportation modalities, including those operating in U-Space.
Service drones are to provide services to city inhabitants and businesses. Multi-purpose heliports are to be deployed to serve for parking and charging of service drones. This demonstrator is to deploy prototypes of those heliports, which may have limited functionality. The future heliports though will be equipped with a variety of modules that service drones can swap to achieve the best match for the requested mission. Also, the future heliports will be equipped with cargo bays or lockers able to fix a cargo container.
To achieve the pilot deployment of a service drone in Oulu and to specify a set of requirements for service drone supporting infrastructure. The supporting infrastructure includes reflection in business models, integration into the supply chain and service provisioning schemas, availability of interfaces, including end-user, a broad range of communication means covering all operational areas, drone identification and tracking methods, UTM, power supply infrastructure enhanced with energy harvesting technologies, and compliance with EU and national regulations, policies and the MyData movement/principles.